With the ease of developing websites, website security threats are also increasing day by day. Since domain registration in Pakistan has become very easy, more and more people are developing websites every day. You can find a lot of websites for educational, business, and entertainment purposes. Similarly, cyber-attacks are also becoming prevalent. Attackers are developing new tricks to disturb website owners. So, it is very important to know about the website security threats in order to take preventive measures against them. The following are the five common types of website security threats that you must avoid.
Malware is the most common website security threat today. It is a short form for ‘malicious software.’ So, any malicious software designed to damage the computer systems and websites or to take control over them is referred to as malware. There are various types of malware which include viruses, worms, Trojans, and drive-by downloads. Sophos Security Threat Report says that 30,000 websites get hacked every day using malware. Similarly, according to the Sucuri Security Report, Google blacklists 20,000 websites per week subjected to malware attacks. Antivirus software provides the best protection against malware.
As the name suggests, ransomware is a rogue software developed to temporarily disable a website. The attacker demands ransom and after the ransom money is paid, you can access your website. However, in some cases, even after the payment, the website still remains inaccessible. Since the attackers can easily get the desired ransom by taking down websites, ransomware attacks are increasing day by day. According to the findings of Kaspersky Lab, the average time for a corporate network to get attacked by ransomware is 40 seconds.
To access the private or sensitive information of a user using the fraudulent ways is termed as phishing. It is another common type of website security threat. There are various kinds of phishing schemes developed by cyber attackers. Emails, text messages, phone calls, social media ads, and quizzes are a few of them. The only purpose of the attacker is to lure you by clicking fake links in order to steal your personal information, account details, and passwords. According to a study of Anti-Phishing Working Group, phishing attacks occur frequently after 2016.
4. SQL Injections:
SQL injections are one of the most predominant website security threats. It occurs when untrusted input is passed to the SQL server without filtering. It allows the attacker to inject commands in the database in order to access and damage the database content. Moreover, it enables the attacker to hack the browser. In this way, the attacker can write commands, read, alter, and update or delete the back-end data. Filtering incoming data properly is very important to avoid this issue.
5. Cross-Site Request Forgery (CSRF):
In Cross-Site Request Forgery (CSRF), the attacker uses a third-party website in order to trick a user. An attacker sends a request to the already authenticated web application or a website vulnerable to cyber-attacks by a third-party website. In this way, an attacker can access data from this already authenticated source. Social media applications, online banking, and corporate websites are more vulnerable to Cross-Site Request Forgery (CSRF).